Voici un jeu de Pharo à vendre sur Abeille :Je vous mets le texte explicatif tel quel :
This is an amazing gambling piece of history from the old Wild West and Gold Rush days. The suitcase size case is actually two games of chance and it is portable so it can travel from camp to camp. The folded up case is 23" long x 13 3/4" high and 6" wide. Made from wood with all brass hardware.
The two games inside have fold out legs and stand like tables. The first game is the most famous game from the old west, Virginia City Pharo and Nevada High Card. The table is 15" high x 23" long and when you raise the score keeper it is 27" high. An interesting card game with fast raising pots and lots of chances to cheat. The Pharo layout is blue felt with applied cards as is the abacus style score board. A complete deck of cards from the era are included and the king is George Washington.
The second game is Miners Pitch. You placed your bet and rolled three marbles down the table trying to score 30 which paid 10 to 1 or 20 which paid 5 to one, everything else you lost. There are three original colored clay marbles included. The table is 18" high x 23" long. There also is an old set of die which appear to be bone or that other valuable white material.
The table was made by Custom Games of San Franciso (spelled that way on the label) who were in business since 1851. More than likely they are no longer around.
We purchased the item from an Old West Museum that no longer exists.
We have this item on display at the Old State Theater Antique Mall, Columbia, PA.
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U.S. Migration of Gambling
Popular in the original Colonies, gambling moved west as the population moved.
As gambling fell out of favor vigilante groups formed and pushed the Professional Gamblers onto the Riverboats to ply their trade from the 1840's to 1860's. Many also went to California during the Gold Rush period of 1848 to 1855. New Orleans became the capital for Gamblers prior to the Civil War.
With the outbreak of the Civil War and the westward expansion of trains, riverboats lost favor with passengers and thus the gamblers. Though the Civil War is partly to blame for the demise in riverboat gambling it is also credited with the growth of gambling as boys who left their homes to join the cause became exposed to gambling as a means of a diversion from the War. As the population again moved westward after the war, gamblers moved right along with it. This time, the gamblers, found themselves headed for the mining camps and the cow towns.
Poker and Blackjack were relatively obscure games until the late 1870's. Faro was "King" of all the games followed by Three-card Brag, Monte, and dice games such as High/Low, Chuck-A-Luck, and Grand Hazard. The gambler, from about 1850 to 1880, was among the Aristocrats of Western Society. In the words of Bat Masterson, " Gambling was a respected profession, almost equal in rank to Medicine and a lot higher than Dentistry and Undertaking".
Many Western Gamblers came from the riverboats, New Orleans, Natchez and Chicago. In many mining towns bets ranged from two-bits (25 cents)to $100.00. A regular industry existed in support of the dishonest gambler. The firm of E. M. Grandine, 41 Liberty Street, New York, N.Y. marketed so called Advantage (marked) playing cards. Dr. Cross and Company manufactured decks in New Orleans beginning in 1837. By 1850 half a dozen firms manufactured advantage cards, well known backs included Calico, Endless Vine, Stars, Marble, Perpetum Mobile and Mille Fleurs. For a time no experienced player would engage in a game where decks with complicated, busy back designs, were used.